Conducting research in Greece with its totally different tradition and language may produce methodological challenges and limitations for a researcher that uses English as a second language. In order to restrict these potentialities of bewilderment, the researcher ensured that members had been able to perceive the questions and in the end the purpose of the studies. Six interviews had been conducted with legal professionals, five with shelter providers, and 19 interviews had been completed with numerous NGOs members and governmental officers. One female respondent was black, but had resided in Greece for over twenty years.
There are no exact statistics on the magnitude of this early wave of Albanian migration to Greece. There are, nonetheless, knowledge albanian woman on the two regularization programs administered by the Greek authorities in 1998 and 2001.
Albanian Culture Dating
The media has repeatedly referred to the migration as “Albanian crisis” and made active use of the time period “Albanophobia” . One explanation for the antagonistic Greek angle towards Albanians is the poor picture of Albanian immigrants in Greek collective creativeness. Albanian immigrants are considered as scheming, deceitful, primitive and inferior to Greeks, closely involved in crime and harmful . Researchers agree that the share of criminal exercise for which Albanians are responsible is immediately proportional to their share in the Greek population .
Under the communist regime, women were declared to be formally equal with men. However, this equality within the public sphere didn’t translate into the non-public sphere, and the patriarchal construction continued unchallenged .
The interpreter equipped no oral translation through the preliminary interview so as to not interrupt the method. The interpreter participated at a later stage, transcribing the interviews and translating the interview transcriptions.
Violence Against Women
The effects of the economic crisis and the undertaken austerity measures have been devastating for the Greek inhabitants both materially and psychologically . Between 2008 and 2011, the unemployment price has almost doubled for native Greeks (8.three% to fifteen.9%) and almost tripled for immigrants (7.four% to 19.eight%) . Since the real estate market crashed, the construction sector—the place a big proportion of male immigrants had been employed—was hit very exhausting. A large proportion of immigrants confronted the threat of dropping their authorized status since renewing their keep permits was related to having authorized employment and insurance coverage .
Thus, women’s employment fee fell from eighty% in 1989 to fifty one% in 2002 . Women immigrants were additionally undoubtedly affected by the financial disaster. The tourist business, the place many of them were employed, has sustained a success, however was quicker to get well compared to the development industry. In Michail’s ethnographic study one feminine respondent stated that “very few women manage to earn as much as earlier than and these are normally envied by others” (, p. 272).
The collapse of the communist regime didn’t result in additional liberalization for girls. In fact, there was a rollback since women’s emancipation became related to the discredited communist regime. Women’s participation share within the labor market and in public life has declined.
Scholars argue that undocumented or legally dependent female immigrants experience IPV in several methods from that of citizens and at much larger charges than within the general populations . Similar to other battered women, feminine immigrants fear their batterers, however their anxiousness is exacerbated by their authorized and political vulnerability . For instance, some undocumented immigrant women are legally depending on an abusive spouse for access to social and well being services. Furthermore, some shelters that present help for victims of IPV can’t settle for undocumented immigrants due to threats of dropping authorities funding .
However, there’s indication that immigrant women’s earnings remained extra secure than that of men. In fact, some women grew to become the main breadwinner for his or her households, which is in contrast to traditional values , and have been in a position to stay in Greece whereas their husband returned to Albania .
Discrimination And Violence Against Women
Union Of Albanian Women
Researchers have surmised that although the variety of those who didn’t apply for legalization is unknown, it was considerable . According to the most recent information from the 2011 Greek Census, there are about 480,000 Albanians dwelling in Greece.
Many immigrants face the alternative of remaining in Greece in a standing of illegality or returning to their residence nation. According to the most recent research and media reviews, many Albanian immigrants are choosing the latter . Greek response to the inflow of Albanian immigrants has been mixed. While not hostile on the very begin of Albanian entry, the attitudes of the Greek inhabitants have soured.